SECR – What you Need to Know About The UK’s Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting


In a world increasingly mindful of its ecological footprint, businesses, too, are adopting more sustainable practices. In the United Kingdom, the government has implemented a range of legislation to catalyse the shift towards a greener economy. One such regulatory development is the Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) framework. Understanding SECR’s tenets, applicability and benefits can be instrumental for businesses to ensure regulatory compliance, optimise operations, and contribute to a sustainable future. We explore what you need to know.

What is Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR)?

SECR is a UK government framework introduced in April 2019 to simplify energy and carbon reporting. The primary objective is to encourage businesses to reduce their carbon footprint by increasing transparency about their energy usage and carbon emissions.

The SECR came as a replacement for the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) Energy Efficiency Scheme, merging elements of the CRC with mandatory greenhouse gas reporting requirements for quoted companies. The framework was designed to alleviate the reporting burden on businesses, hence the term ‘streamlined.’

Who is Impacted by the SECR Framework?

The SECR framework applies to large UK companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) defined by the Companies Act 2006. These are organisations that meet at least two of the three following conditions in a financial year: more than 250 employees, an annual turnover exceeding £36m, or an annual balance sheet total above £18m.

What Does SECR Reporting Entail?

Organisations subject to the SECR framework are required to report on their annual energy use (both UK and global), associated greenhouse gas emissions, and any energy efficiency action taken within the financial year.

This information should be included in Directors’ Reports for companies and Energy and Carbon Reports for LLPs. Quoted companies also need to report their global energy use and emissions. However, some exceptions and special provisions apply, such as for low energy users (using less than 40,000 kWh in a 12-month period).

How to Comply with SECR Requirements?

Ensuring compliance with SECR requirements involves a few steps:

  1. Data Collection: Gather data on energy usage and carbon emissions from all sources within the company, including electricity, gas and transport.
  2. Calculation: Use the greenhouse gas (GHG) protocol’s conversion factors to calculate your carbon emissions.
  3. Reporting: Include the collated data in your annual reports, along with any energy efficiency measures taken during the year. If no such actions were implemented, this should be stated.
  4. Verification: Although not mandatory, independent verification of your report can add credibility.

Why is SECR Important?

The SECR framework plays a vital role in the UK’s commitment to reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. By promoting transparency and awareness, SECR encourages businesses to adopt more sustainable practices, contributing to the broader climate change mitigation efforts.

Furthermore, the data gathered through SECR can yield significant operational benefits. Analysing this data can reveal energy inefficiencies, providing businesses with opportunities to save costs and reduce their carbon footprint. Thus, SECR compliance not only ensures regulatory adherence but can also be a strategic move towards sustainable growth.

Getting Started with SECR

Navigating the SECR requirements may initially seem complex, but with a structured approach, businesses can successfully integrate this into their operations.

  1. Start Early: Don’t leave it until the last minute. Energy data collection can be time-consuming, particularly for larger organisations with multiple sites.
  2. Understand the Scope: Ensure you understand the extent of data you need to report. This includes all forms of energy –electricity, gas, and transport fuels – and covers all activities for which your company is responsible, not just those taking place within your properties.
  1. Establish Clear Responsibilities: Determine who within your organisation will be responsible for collecting data, calculating emissions, and compiling the report. This could be a dedicated sustainability team or a cross-departmental effort, depending on your company’s size and structure.
  2. Use Technology: There are numerous software solutions available that can streamline the data collection and reporting process. They can also help analyse the data to identify energy inefficiencies and potential savings.
  3. Seek Expert Advice: If you’re unsure about anything related to SECR, don’t hesitate to seek expert advice. There are many consultancies and professional bodies available to assist you.

SECR: A Step Towards a Sustainable Future

As we move towards a future where sustainability is not just appreciated but expected, regulations such as the SECR framework are becoming increasingly important. The SECR pushes organisations to be more transparent about their energy usage and carbon emissions, thereby fostering a culture of responsibility and awareness.

Moreover, the SECR isn’t just a compliance exercise – it’s an opportunity. The process of data collection and reporting can yield valuable insights for businesses, highlighting opportunities for energy conservation, cost savings, and overall business efficiency.

Complying with the SECR framework is a positive step for businesses, not just in terms of meeting regulatory requirements, but also in joining the global movement towards sustainable business practices. By embracing the SECR, companies can play their part in combating climate change, whilst reaping the rewards of improved operational efficiency and public perception.

As climate change continues to shape our collective futures, the SECR framework serves as a reminder that we all have a role to play in creating a more sustainable world. For businesses in the UK, understanding and complying with SECR is a crucial part of that journey. By doing so, not only do they contribute to the global fight against climate change, but they also set themselves on a path towards greater sustainability, efficiency, and success in the long run.


author avatar
Humperdinck Jackman
Leads the daily operations at ESG PRO, he specialises in matters of corporate governance. Humperdinck hails from Bermuda, has twice sailed the Atlantic solo, and recently devoted a few years to fighting poachers in Kenya. Writing about business matters, he’s a published author, and his articles have been published in The Times, The Telegraph and various business journals.


Matt Whiteman

I hope you enjoy reading this article.

Wherever you are on your ESG reporting journey you should talk to us!.

Get in Touch


Swipe-up for help!